How to Freeze and Split Panes in MS Excel Worksheet?

Mastering Navigation in Excel: A Deep Dive into Freeze and Split Panes

Microsoft Excel stands as one of the pillars in the suite of Microsoft Office applications, offering robust spreadsheet capabilities that cater to both individual and business needs. At its core, Excel comprises a matrix of rows and columns, with intersections termed as “cells.” These cells are the basic units where data is entered, stored, and processed. In our increasingly data-driven world, Excel finds its place in almost every workspace, serving not just as a mere spreadsheet tool but as a “mini database,” facilitating comprehensive data management and analysis. Many home users also leverage Excel, be it for educating their young ones about data handling or for storing crucial personal information. Among Excel’s myriad features, the Freeze and Split Panes options stand out for enhancing user experience. These functionalities play a pivotal role in improving data navigation, especially when working with expansive datasets. By utilizing these tools, users can anchor specific rows or columns, allowing for focused data viewing and eliminating the distractions of scrolling through vast expanses of data. This guide aims to elucidate the steps and benefits of Freezing and Splitting panes, ensuring a seamless and effective Excel navigation experience.

Freeze Panes in Excel

Freeze Pane: It keeps rows and columns visible while the rest of the worksheet scrolls (based on the current selection).

Freeze Top Row: Keep the top row visible while scrolling through the rest of the worksheet.

Freeze First Column: Keep the first column visible while scrolling through the worksheet.

Split Panes in Excel

Split is different from than Freeze panes feature in MS Excel. It divides the window into separate panes that each scrolls separately.

In this risewindows article, we will go through the following Freeze and Split options:-

  1. Freeze a single row and column
  2. Freeze multiple rows and columns
  3. Unfreeze all rows and columns
  4. Split windows vertically and horizontally
  5. Remove Split in Excel

How to freeze a single row and column in Excel?

First, click on the View tab to freeze a single row or column and open the Excel Workbook. Then, select Freeze Panes. After that, click Freeze Top Row.

After completing the above steps, you will notice that the first row is not disappearing while scrolling through the worksheet.

If, instead of a top row, you want to freeze any other row according to your choice, select the Row, click on the View tab, and select Freeze Panes.

After completing the above steps, while scrolling, you will notice the rows above the frozen row will be visible, while others will be hiding during the scroll.

How to freeze multiple rows and columns in Excel?

Now, select the rows or columns you want to freeze to Freeze multiple rows or columns in an Excel Worksheet by clicking the heading of the row or column (To select multiple rows and columns in Excel. Then, press and hold the Ctrl key from the keyboard and then keep clicking on rows and columns which you want to select).

Once you have selected the desired rows and columns, click the View tab, choose Freeze Panes, and select the Freeze Panes in the drop-down menu.

How to unfreeze all rows and columns in Excel?

Here, click the View tab and select Freeze Panes to unfreeze all rows and columns in one go; click the Unfreeze Panes from the drop-down menu.

How to split windows vertically and horizontally in Excel?

To split Excel. Click a row or column heading, and select Split on the View tab. Once the worksheet is split, you will notice a Thick Grey Line in the worksheet; drag this line to where you want to break in the window.

How to remove Split in Excel?

So, click on the View tab and select the Split option to remove the Split from the Excel worksheet.


Microsoft Excel, with its diverse range of functionalities, continues to be an essential tool for data management and analysis. Features like Freeze and Split Panes optimize the user’s navigation experience, especially when handling extensive data. The ability to freeze specific rows or columns and split the worksheet into separate, scrollable panes provides users with unparalleled flexibility in viewing and comparing data segments. By mastering these features, users can efficiently manage and analyze vast datasets, making Excel an even more powerful tool for both professional and personal use. This risewindows guide equips users with the necessary steps to harness these features effectively, enhancing their Excel navigation and data management capabilities.


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